One of the project’s key objectives was to improve Common Kestrel’s breeding conditions and seeking to achieve it, more than 500 nesting boxes were erected on the poles of the high voltage electricity transmission lines.
The report on D2 acivity “Ex-ante and post-ante monitoring on the effectiveness of the project conservation actions” was prepared (I-II)
The report of D2 activity (Ex-ante and post-ante monitoring on the effectiveness of the project conservation actions (I-II))
In Klaipėda, during project (Installation of the bird protection measures on the high voltage electricity transmission grid in Lithuania) installed nest boxes are used by Kestrel. One of them erected on Klaipeda University several years is used by pair of Kestrel. This time all of you can have opportunity to watch live streaming of Kestrel live in nest box. At this time female is just starting incubation, and probably still lying eggs. As this cold spring was unusual for the birds and they started breeding season one months later than usual. When female is incubating eggs male delivers some prey items and taking place of incubation while female is eating, pray brined by him.
Over 130 participants attended the “LIFE fair/LIFE25” event, which was jointly organised by the Ministry of Environment and Environmental Project Management Agency at the University of the Applied Social Sciences in Vilnius. Minister of Environment, Mr. Kęstutis Navickas, during his welcome speech encouraged participants to submit more projects applications, and, in particular, in the field of LIFE climate change mitigation and LIFE Environmental Governance.
Implementing the project "Installation of the bird protection measures on the high voltage electricity transmission grid in Lithuania" Lithuanian Ornithological Society created a film revealing the problem of bird mortality near high voltage electricity transmission lines, reviewing project activities and bird protection measures implemented during the project. An attractive, interesting and widely available film is a perfect information source for the general public about the problems being solved during our project.
The implementation of conservation measures in the high-voltage electricity transmission network is continuing
In order to limit the risk of bird mortality due to short circuit or striking into the wires, and improving the breeding conditions of Common Kestrels LITGRID implemented a series of activities planned in the EU financed LIFE+ project “Installation of the bird protection measures on the high voltage electricity transmission grid in Lithuania “ Nr. LIFE13 BIO/LT/001303 in the first quarter of 2016.
The section of the Nemunas River in Kaunas is the most important bird wintering place in the continental part of Lithuania. Due to exceptional conditions having formed after the construction of hydroelectric power station in Kaunas ( KHE ), open stretches of flowing water remain there even in the coldest winter months. Such places are very important for birds, when all other water bodies are frozen. Thousands of water birds gather lower KHE. Last winter we had frosts only one month, but it was enough to see impressive number of birds here. During this year’s wintering waterfowl counts on 16th January observers registered record number of birds here – 15 156.
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The report on D2 acivity “Ex-ante and post-ante monitoring on the effectiveness of the project conservation actions” was prepared
After summarizing the monitoring of Project activities in 2015, Project staff has prepared the report of D2 activity (Ex-ante and post-ante monitoring on the effectiveness of the project conservation actions). The report provides the methods of the project conservation actions, which include the monitoring of bird mortality under high voltage power transmission lines before and after putting the measures of visualization, data on White storks mortality of electric charges and the survey of efficiency of nest-boxes for Kestrels. You can find here the data collected prior to implementation of project activities, and data collected in 2015, which helps to evaluate the first results of the actions implemented.
The implementation of conservation measures in the country's high-voltage electricity transmission network is continuing
In order to limit the risk of bird mortality due to short circuit or striking into the wires, and improving the breeding conditions of Common Kestrels. In 2015 LITGRID implemented a series of activities planned in the EU financed LIFE+ project Paukščių apsaugos priemonių įdiegimas Lietuvos aukštos įtampos elektros energijos perdavimo tinkluose“ Nr. LIFE13 BIO/LT/001303. The visibility of the wires was increased putting a special marker on them: 1494 white spiral markers and 1255 bird diverters (in 5, the most dangerous places for birds). 572 spiral markers and 690 bird diverters of the given number were installed in the last quarter of 2015.
Lithuanian Ornithological Society has published and started distribution a book for secondary schools “Birds and high voltage electricity transmission lines. When is safe to live?”. The target audience of this booklet is school pupils, and the aim is to describe the given problem and possible solutions. In addition, the booklet invites schoolchildren to join conservation actions, as they can find all information about where and how to send information about dead birds found under high voltage electricity lines.
These activities and public assistance are very important if we want to collect the data on the segments of the lines where bird collisions are the most often, and where the implementation of the specific safeguards could significantly reduce bird mortality and the damage of electricity transmission lines to nature.
Bird protection measures are succesfully implemented on the high voltage electricity transmission grid
During the Project different measures protecting birds from the short circuit and trying to reduce the risk of bird collisions into high voltage electricity transmission lines while increasing their visibility are planned to implement, as well as nestboxes for falcons are erected on the pylons of high voltage electricity transmission grid in the large part of the country.
After the first frost millions of birds moved South. A large part of them have passed through Lithuania, another part is still on the move. These days the biggest flocks of passerines have left our country, however, waterfowl are on migration making longer stops in our water bodies. One of such places serving not only as temporary stop, but also as a wintering place, is Kaunas. Kaunas Hydroelectric Power Plant built after damming the River Nemunas in the last century, even during the coldest winters prevents the river waters a few kilometres down the Plant from freezing.
About the half the planned nesting boxes planned while implementing the project action “Installation of the bird protection measures on the high voltage electricity transmission grid in Lithuania” (LIFE13 BIO / E / 001303) were erected on the high-voltage poles in the Western Lithuania. This year birds have not occupied the new nesting boxes yet, as they were erected late in the season, when kestrels had already chosen their breeding places or had been incubating clutches.
Due to initiative of the Lithuanian Ornithological Society and the Klaipeda University, kestrel nesting boxes were erected four years ago in Western Lithuania, and were successfully used by birds year by year providing useful information for future actions. Nesting boxes were erected on isolated trees or on the buildings in the city of Klaipeda or nearby.
On the 16th-17th January several pairs of Common Ravens were observed near their nests on the high voltage electricity poles in Trakai and Varėna districts. Birds did not breed, although were preparing their nests and chasing away potential competitors. In several different places both members of the pair were guarding the nests.
Common Ravens start breeding early, usually in February, but sometimes in mild winter conditions can start breeding even in January.
In Nowember 2014 a project leaflet was produced. The leaflet contains information about the main task and objectives of the project, planned actions, target species and means, that are planned to reduce accidental mortality of the birds. The leaflet also presents partyners of the project.
Projektą „Paukščių apsaugos priemonių įdiegimas Lietuvos aukštos įtampos elektros energijos perdavimo tinkluose“ (LIFE13 BIO/LT/001303) finansuoja Europos Sąjungos aplinkos finansinis mechanizmas „LIFE+“, LR Aplinkos ministerija ir projekto partneriai. Projekto pradžia – 2014 m. birželis, planuojama pabaiga – 2018 m. liepa.